What Causes Lower Back Pain

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What Causes Lower Back Pain 

Usually what causes lower back pain is a muscle or joint strain. Men and women are equally affected. Low back pain most often begins between the age of 20 and 40 increase with age. Pain can vary from a dull constant ache to a sudden sharp feeling. The symptoms of low back pain usually improve within a few weeks from the time they start. It usually clears up within six weeks for 40-90% of people who suffer with low back pain.. Normal activity should be continued as much as the pain allows.

If the pain does not go away with conservative treatment or if it is accompanied by "red flags" such as unexplained weight loss, fever, or significant problems with feeling or movement, testing may be needed to look for a serious underlying problem. In most cases, imaging tools such as X-ray computed tomography are not useful and carry their own risks. Despite this, the use of imaging in low back pain has increased. Some low back pain is caused by damaged intervertebral discs, and the straight leg raise test is useful in identifying this cause. People with chronic (more than 12 weeks) pain may feel a large amount of pain in response to non-serious events.

What Causes Lower Back Pain 

Non–medication based treatments are recommended initially. If they are not sufficiently effective non steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) are recommended. Normal activity should be continued as much as the pain allows. Medications are recommended for the duration that they are helpful. A number of other options are available for those who do not improve with usual treatment. Opioids maybe useful if simple pain medications are not enough, but they are not generally recommended due to side effects. Surgery may be beneficial for those with disc-related chronic pain and disability or spinal stenosis. No clear benefit has been found for other cases of non-specific low back pain. Low back pain often affects mood, which may be improved by counseling or antidepressants. Additionally, there are many alternative medicine therapies, including herbal remedies, but there is not enough evidence to confidently recommend them confidently. Evidence for chiropractic care[and spinal manipulation is mixed.

How To Relieve Lower Back Pain

In conclusion, Low back pain (LBP) is a common disorder involving the muscles, nerves, and bones of the back. LBP can be classified according to it's duration. Acute pain lasting less than 6 weeks) Sub-chronic (6 to 12 weeks). Chronic (more than 12 weeks). LBP may be further classified by the underlying cause as either mechanical, non-mechanical, or referred pain. Approximately 9 to 12% of people (632 million) have LBP at any given point in time, and nearly 25% report having it at some point over any one-month period. About 40% of people have LBP at some point in their lives, with estimates as high as 80% among people in the developed world. Low back pain is more common among people aged 40–80 years, with the overall number of individuals affected expected to increase as the population ages.